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LookingBack March 21

The first U.S. Census was conducted in 1790 when George Washington was the president of the United States. The responsibility for counting residents fell to the marshals of the judicial districts. Here are some glimpses of Georgia and its counties through the years.

Georgia in 1790 (all 11 counties)

* White Males 16 years and older -- 13,103

* White Males under 16 years ---14,044

* White Females -- 25,739

* All other free persons -- 398

* Slaves -- 29, 264

* Total Population - 82,548

Lee County and Baker County were created in 1825 and 1828 respectively. The first census taken that included these counties was in 1830. Here's a look ... just as it appears on the original documents.

Lee County

* Total free white persons -- 1,369

* Total free white females -- 654

* Total free white males -- 715

* Total free colored persons -- 0

* Total slaves -- 311

* Total females slaves -- 140

* Total male slaves -- 171

* Total population -- 1,680

Baker County

* Total free white persons -- 977

* Total free white females -- 483

* Total free white males -- 494

* Total free colored persons -- 1

* Total slaves -- 275

* Total female slaves -- 135

* Total male slaves ---140

* Total population -- 1,253

Dougherty and Worth Counties were created in 1853. Terrell County was created three years later in 1856. All three first appeared in the 1860 census. Take a look.

Dougherty County

* Total white persons -- 2,207

* Total white males -- 1,190

* Total white females -- 1,017

* Total male slaves -- 3,135

* Total female slaves -- 2,944

* Total free colored persons -- 9 (8 males, 1 female)

* Total slaveholders -- 322

* Farms of 1,000 acres or more -- 28

* Total churches -- 10

* Total Baptist churches -- 4

* Total Methodist churches -- 4

* Females employed in manufacturing -- 1

* Males employed in manufacturing -- 91

Terrell County

* Total white persons -- 3,343

* Total white males -- 1,750

* Total white females -- 1,593

* Total male slaves -- 1,442

* Total female slaves -- 1,446

* Total free colored persons -- 1 male

* Total slaveholders -- 350

* Farms of 1,000 acres or more -- 3

* Total churches -- 16

* Total Baptist churches -- 7

* Total Methodist churches -- 9

* Females employed in manufacturing -- 0

* Males employed in manufacturing -- 47

Worth County

* Total white persons -- 2,118

* Total white males -- 1,076

* Total white females -- 1,042

* Total male slaves -- 308

* Total female slaves -- 324

* Total free colored persons -- 13 (6 males, 7 females)

* Total slaveholders -- 81

* Farms of 1,000 acres or more -- 0

* Total churches -- 10

* Total Baptist churches -- 9

* Total Methodist churches -- 1

* Females employed in manufacturing -- 0

* Males employed in manufacturing -- 8

And now, a snapshot of selected data found from the 1900 Census from all of the above five counties, post-Civil War but before World War I.

Dougherty County

* Total population -- 13,679

* Native-born white males/native parentage -- 1,062

* Native-born white females/native parentage -- 1,058

* Colored males -- 5,437

* Colored females -- 5,791

* White illiterates 10 years of age and older -- 59

* Colored illiterates 10 years of age and older -- 5,265

* Total farms -- 1,020

* Total acres in farms -- 130,934

* Total farms of white farmers -- 106

* Total farms of colored farmers -- 914

* Manufacturing establishments -- 43

* Child wage earners under age 16 in manufacturing (average) -- 14

* Women wage earners 16 and older in manufacturing (average) -- 6

* Men wage earners 16 and older in manufacturing (average) - 389

Lee County

* Total population -- 10,344

* Native-born white males/native parentage -- 762

* Native-born white females/native parentage -- 734

* Colored males -- 4,427

* Colored females -- 4,410

* White illiterates 10 years of age and older -- 61

* Colored illiterates 10 years of age and older -- 4,137

* Total farms -- 1,329

* Total acres in farms -- 170,433

* Total farms of white farmers -- 258

* Total farms of colored farmers -- 1,071

* Manufacturing establishments -- 33

* Child wage earners under age 16 in manufacturing (average) -- 3

* Women wage earners 16 and older in manufacturing (average) -- 0

* Men wage earners 16 and older in manufacturing (average) -- 124

Baker County

* Total population -- 6,704

* Native-born white males/native parentage -- 956

* Native-born white females/native parentage -- 975

* Colored males -- 2,377

* Colored females -- 2,393

* White illiterates 10 years of age and older -- 226

* Colored illiterates 10 years of age and older -- 1,919

* Total farms -- 994

* Total acres in farms -- 102,554

* Total farms of white farmers -- 347

* Total farms of colored farmers -- 647

* Manufacturing establishments -- 20

* Child wage earners under age 16 in manufacturing (average) -- 0

* Women wage earners 16 and older in manufacturing (average) -- 2

* Men wage earners 16 and older in manufacturing (average) -- 302

Terrell County

* Total population -- 19,023

* Native-born white males/native parentage -- 2,889

* Native-born white females/native parentage -- 2,747

* Colored males -- 6,536

* Colored females -- 6,813

* White illiterates 10 years of age and older -- 228

* Colored illiterates 10 years of age and older -- 5,357

* Total farms -- 2,189

* Total acres in farms -- 189,897

* Total farms of white farmers -- 815

* Total farms of colored farmers -- 1,374

* Manufacturing establishments -- 61

* Child wage earners under age 16 in manufacturing (average) -- 8

* Women wage earners 16 and older in manufacturing (average) -- 10

* Men wage earners 16 and older in manufacturing (average) -- 245

Worth County

* Total population -- 18,664

* Native-born white males/native parentage -- 5,256

* Native-born white females/native parentage -- 4,947

* Colored males -- 4,584

* Colored females - 3,828

* White illiterates 10 years of age and older -- 987

* Colored illiterates 10 years of age and older -- 3,489

* Total farms -- 1,961

* Total acres in farms -- 307,110

* Total farms of white farmers -- 1,339

* Total farms of colored farmers -- 622

* Manufacturing establishments -- 72

* Child wage earners under age 16 in manufacturing (average) -- 17

* Women wage earners 16 and older in manufacturing (average) -- 4

* Men wage earners 16 and older in manufacturing (average) -- 889

While the initial census was taken to primarily access America's industrial and military potential, the country's history adds a new chapter with each enumeration. Be a part of the history-writing by completing and returning your 2010 Census form.