Recently a Squawkbox comment expressed interest in the history of the development of slavery in America. Many people probably do not know that blacks participated in slavery. According to the 1830 U.S. Federal census there were over 3,000 free black slaveholders that owned over 12,000 fellow blacks as slaves.
In South Carolina in 1860 there were about 100 free blacks that owned slaves and in Louisiana some of the largest slave owners were free blacks. The father of Southern slavery was a free black — Anthony Johnson. He went before the courts of Virginia (English Courts) in 1654-1655 and claimed lifetime ownership of John Casor a fellow black, which he was granted. Prior to this seven-year indentured servitude had existed in the South to pay for ship passage to America. In contrast The Pilgrims began enslaving Pequot Indians immediately after their arrival in 1620.
Massachusetts was the first colony to legalize slavery by statute in 1641. The first slave ship in America, the Desire, was fitted out in 1637 in Marblehead, Mass., and was Jewish owned. Early on slave traders were Spanish, Portuguese, English, Dutch, and French.
When America got into the slave business it was the colonies/states of Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and New York that brought the slaves from Africa to America. Research indicates that 50 percent or more of the American slave trade was Jewish owned.
Aaron Lopez was the largest of the slave trade entrepreneurs. The DeWolf family owned slave auction houses. There were 54,200 trips to and from Africa from 1440-1870 by ship for slaves. Not one of these ships ever flew a Southern colony/state flag or the Confederate flag but a lot of them flew the U.S. flag — the Stars and Stripes. Dishonest Northern historians have omitted these facts from American history books.